What are Cannabis Terpenes?

what are cannabis terpenes

What are Terpenes?

One of the most fun aspects using cannabis is the ability to smell the array of fragrances that the plant’s flowers produce. The terpenes scents can range from fruity aromas to cheese-like smells to earth-like smells making each one unique. Terpenes or terpenoids is the chemical that gives cannabis its different types of scents. Terpenes are organic hydrocarbons that are found in the essential oils of plants.

Terpenes are the naturally occurring combination of carbon and hydrogen, while terpenoids are terpenes that have been changed through a drying and curing process, altering the oxygen content of the compound.

Benefits of Terpenes

Have you ever caught a smell of sage, lavender, or cannabis? Then you have smelled terpenes at work! In the same way aromatherapy works, inhaling the scent of certain terpenes in nature is often associated with a boost in emotional well-being.

Terpenes are related to different types of plants and herbs utilized in naturopathic medicines, some suggest that terpenes assume a job in the impact of cannabis. An example of this is linalool which is a common terpene found in lavender that may be connected with relaxation.

Commonly cannabis strains have a main terpene and may contain a few others. Cannabis terpenes are believed to add to the impact of the effect of a strain influencing the fragrance and flavor. However, there is no scientific evidence connecting terpenes to any medical advantages or explicit impacts. Terpenes may, in any case, influence your sweet-smelling or taste involvement with a cannabis strain.

Common Types of Terpenes

Although there are over 20,000 terpenes there are over 200 of them present in cannabis. At Vatic Cannabis Co. we have an endless variety of these cannabis terpenes at hand for varying needs. Below are the commonly used ones and their properties:


Limonene is a compound found excessively in citrus fruits such as grapefruit, oranges, limes, mandarins, and lemons. Over the years this compound is known to work as a mood changer and helps reduce stress for therapeutic purposes and has antifungal and antibacterial properties. Limonene has a citrus scent which is similar to that of limes. This type of terpene is found to have antibacterial and antifungal properties. It is present in many cleaning and bath products. Products with limonene.


The most commonly known and easily accessible terpene is Myrcene. It can be found in mangos, hops, thyme, lemongrass, and basil. Consuming mangos before cannabis can also strengthen its effect. It is found that Myrcene represents 65 percent of the total terpenes profile. Myrcene smell can be described as earthy muscular aromas, like the smell of rainfall hitting barren land. Myrcene has also been shown to be useful as an anti-inflammatory, a sedative, and a muscle relaxer. Products with myrcene.


what are cannabis terpenes

Linalool has one of the most strong, relaxing and sedative scents of all the kinds. This incredible terpene has been known to aid patients with depression, arthritis, seizures, insomnia, and even cancer. Linalool compound can be found in coriander, cinnamon, lavender, and mint. These possess floral and spicy smells. It is also the closest to the smell of marijuana. Products with linalool.

Alpha and Beta Pinene

Pinene is the most common terpene in the world. Alpha-pinene and Beta pinene similarly like many others have anti-inflammatory properties, however, they have alarming benefits. This kind is known to improve airflow and air function and also works well in improving memory. Alongside rich compounds of alpha and beta pinene are positive effects on combatting asthma. This also aids people with Crohn’s disease, arthritis, and cancer. These can be found in large quantities, they are present in basil, orange peels, parsley, rosemary, and other cannabis plants. The smell is similar to pine trees. Products with pinene.


Caryophyllene has gained its popularity due to its active use in rehabilitation of alcoholism. It is known to have analgesic and antidepressant properties, which contribute to its use in combatting addiction. Caryophyllene is found in spices such as black pepper, oregano, basil, cinnamon and in cloves. It has a stingy peppery scent to it, which some might prefer over others. Products with caryophyllene.


Eucalyptol terpene also known as cineolo, has earned its name on this list due to its promising impacts on Alzheimer’s. Although it is still in its early stages of research, Eucalyptol has gained medical value due to its properties. It is known to ease pain and prevents the growth of fungus and bacteria to spread. It possesses a cool minty scent and is present in medical and cosmetic products. Products with eucalyptol.


The aroma of humulene is made up of earthy, woody and spicy notes. Humulene has many medical properties and is proved to be effective in suppressing appetite, which could potentially help in weight loss. Like many other terpenes, humulene also relieves pain, reduces inflammation and fights bacterial infections. Products with humulene.

Important Takeaways about Terpenes

The potential benefits from terpenes are promising and these organic, naturally occurring compounds may enhance and enlighten your cannabis.

Terpenes enhance cannabis by adding smell or taste, but they may be the key to increasing the effectiveness of various cannabis treatments.

Terpenes are to cannabis like “notes” are to wine.

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